Diabetes has grown to become one of the most common lifestyle diseases of the modern world. Right from the young adults to old age, a majority of the population are diabetic or are under the risk of diabetes. Diabetes is a condition where there is excess blood sugar in the body. There can be many reasons for this. It might be because of lack of a hormone called insulin which keeps the blood sugar under control or may be because our body does not respond to the commands of insulin. Glucose acts as a fuel for cells in our body and insulin helps the cells to take up glucose. Lack of insulin will cause glucose to get elevated in the bloodstream, and consequently many metabolic reactions of the body get deranged.
When a person is diabetic, he or she will urinate frequently, will have unquenchable thirst and hunger. The person loses weight abnormally and feels tired even without exertion. Due to loss of water through frequent urination, the person becomes dehydrated. Long term untreated diabetes can lead to many complications which may be associated with eyes, kidney, blood vessels, etc. serious complications like heart diseases, stroke, and foot ulcers can also occur.
There are many types of diabetes. A young adult or a child can suffer from type 1 diabetes whereas individuals above 40years of age will suffer from type 2 diabetes. Gestational diabetes is associated with pregnancy. Type 1 diabetes also called juvenile diabetes occurs when the body produces less amount of insulin. This is because the organ which produces insulin, that is the pancreas get damaged by the attack of one’s own body. Such individuals may have a genetic predisposition. Type 2 diabetes is the most common type. Here the body produces enough insulin, but cells do not respond to its commands. They are said to have resistance to insulin.
This a milder form compared to type 1 diabetes. The majority of type 2 diabetics will be obese. Diabetes as such cannot be cured, but type 2 can be controlled. Gestational diabetes is associated with pregnancy. It is usually diagnosed during the middle or late pregnancy. Since blood sugar will pass through the placenta to the baby, it is essential that this type of diabetes is kept under control. Usually, gestational diabetes disappears after delivery but puts the mother at a risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Control of blood sugar is the main goal of diabetes treatment, perhaps even with a mini trampoline for diabetes for fitness. Type 1 diabetes can be treated by insulin therapy. Type 2 diabetes can be controlled by regular exercise, weight control, and strict diet plans. Proper nutrition is essential for treating any type of diabetes. Weight reduction and exercises increase the body’s sensitivity to insulin. Treatment of gestational diabetes includes careful planning of meals to ensure adequate and proper nutrients without excess fat and calories, daily exercise, control of weight gain and insulin therapy if needed.
Some of the ways by which complications of diabetes could be avoided are by following the doctor’s instructions and being committed to the treatment. Smoking should be completely avoided since it increases the risk of complications. Blood pressure and cholesterol should be kept under control. Have regular blood sugar level checkups and keep vaccinations up to date.
Stay strong and join hands to fight diabetes. The day when we can say that there was a disease condition called diabetes is not far away.